Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2008| July-September  | Volume 11 | Issue 3  
    Online since January 22, 2009

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Is it the end of the road for dental amalgam? A critical review
Arvind Shenoy
July-September 2008, 11(3):99-107
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45247  PMID:20142895
The longevity of dental restorations is dependent on many factors, including those related to materials, the dentist, and the patient. Dental amalgams have successfully served the profession for over a century. The main reasons for restoration failure are secondary caries, fracture of the bulk of the restoration or of the tooth, and marginal deficiencies and wear. The importance of direct-placement, aesthetic, tooth-colored restorative materials is still increasing. Amalgam restorations are being replaced because of alleged adverse health effects and inferior aesthetic appearance. All alternative restorative materials and procedures, however, have certain limitations. This article will attempt to critically analyse both amalgams and resin based composites, through an evaluation of scientific literature.
  7 7,948 1,101
The effect of occlusal restoration and loading on the development of abfraction lesions: A finite element study
Gaurav Vasudeva, Poonam Bogra
July-September 2008, 11(3):117-120
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45250  PMID:20142898
Background: Abfraction, a type of non-carious cervical tooth loss, is a poorly understood condition. One factor thought to contribute to the development of these lesions is the effect of occlusal loading and the presence of occlusal restoration. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this paper is to study the stress profile in the cervical region of mandibular first premolar with variation of occlusal loads, and to compare the stress profile between sound and occlusally restored tooth under variation of occlusal load, using two-dimensional plane strain finite element model. Materials and Methods: A mandibular first premolar was sectioned and modeled in the finite element software, along with its peridontium. Varying occlusal loads were applied along the cuspal inclines, with and without an occlusal restoration. The software used was NISA II EMRC. Result: It was found that higher occlusal loads caused more cuspal flexure and that the maximum shear stress was much higher and closer to the cervical area. It was also observed that there was a slight increase in shear stress when occlusal restoration was present. Conclusion: It was suggested that high occlusal loading and the presence of an occlusal amalgam restoration increased the stress concentration at the cervical area, which may lead to the breakdown of enamel at the cervical region.
  1 2,710 317
Rehabilitation of gingival architecture by a conservative method: An innovative approach
Abhishek Parolia, Manuel S Thomas, M Kundabala, Neeta Shetty, Suman Gautam, Senthil Kumar
July-September 2008, 11(3):131-135
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45253  PMID:20142901
Periodontal attachment loss in the maxillary anterior region can often lead to esthetic and functional clinical problems. Lifelong motivation is essential to the supportive therapy for these patients, and the maintenance of good esthetics, combined with conducive to maintaining long term dental and professional health. This paper aims to demonstrate an innovative treatment option for dealing with aesthetic challenges posed by a number of patients who have undergone initial cause related therapy for aggressive periodontitis.
  - 2,199 344
Time to conserve... Conservative dentistry?
Velayutham Gopikrishna
July-September 2008, 11(3):98-98
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45246  PMID:20142894
  - 1,171 201
Mind over matter
L Lakshmi Narayanan
July-September 2008, 11(3):97-97
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45245  PMID:20142893
  - 1,037 123
Finite element analysis of stress concentration in Class V restorations of four groups of restorative materials in mandibular premolar
Shubhashini Narayanaswamy, N Meena, Ashish Shetty, Anitha Kumari, DN Naveen
July-September 2008, 11(3):121-126
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45251  PMID:20142899
Aim: To study the concentration of stress in class V restoration of four different restorative materials subjected to occlusal load of 100N, 150N, 200N, 250N and to analyse the obtained data with the listed properties of the restorative material. Materials and Methods: Using FEM analysis the stresses generated in a class V lesion in a mandibular premolar was studied. Results: Within the framework of the aforementioned views, and from the results of the study it can be concluded that microfilled composite is the most suitable restorative material followed by flowable composite, glass ionomer cement and resin modified glass ionomer cement. Conclusion: Restoration of Class V lesions with materials of higher modulus of elasticity will enable better stress distribution.
  - 2,857 429
The influence of salivary contamination on the shear bond strength of two newer generation dentin bonding agents - An in vitro study
Mithra N Hegde, Priyadarshini Hegde, Shibani K Shetty
July-September 2008, 11(3):127-130
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45252  PMID:20142900
Background and Objectives: To investigate whether salivary contamination during various stages of the bonding procedures of Xeno III and Clearfil SE Bond influences shear bond strength. Materials and Methods: The occlusal surfaces of thirty six maxillary premolar teeth were ground and divided into two groups containing eighteen specimens each, which was subdivided into three sub groups: Group I - Xeno III, Group II - Clearfil SE Bond, Subgroup A - Uncontaminated (control), Subgroup B - Contaminated with saliva before application and light curing, Subgroup C - Contaminated with saliva after light curing. Composite resin Filtek Z350 was packed using Teflon mold cured and subjected to shear bond strength analysis using universal Instron machine. Results: Statistical analysis was made using One-way ANOVA and Tukeys HSD test. Clearfil SE Bond showed very high statistically significant reduction in the bond strength, when salivary contamination took place after light curing; whereas, Xeno III showed very high statistically significant reduction when salivary contamination took place before application and light curing. Conclusion: Clearfil SE Bond showed more tolerance to salivary contamination of dentin and higher shear bond strength value, when compared to Xeno III.
  - 1,890 257
Evaluation of weight change in three different light cured composite restorative materials stored in water: An in vitro study
Mithra N Hegde, Basawaraj Biradar
July-September 2008, 11(3):108-111
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45248  PMID:20142896
Aims and Objectives: The objective of this in vitro study was to investigate whether weight gain in three different composites occurs due to water absorption, when stored in water. Materials and Methods: The composite restorative materials selected for this study included a micro-fine hybrid (Synergy) and two nano-filled composites (CERAM X duo and FILTEK Z 350). Twenty specimens of each material were fabricated with each composite material.- Group A: Filtek Z 350, Group B: Synergy, and Group C: CERAM X Duo. Then all the specimens were stored in 10 ml distilled water in test tubes, and then placed in an incubator at 37oC for six weeks. The weight changes of these specimens were measured daily for the first week, and, later, once a week, for the next five weeks, by using an electrical analytical balance. Results: The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Student 't' test. There was a tendency for the weight of the specimens to increase with the passage of time, when stored in water. All the groups showed maximum amount of water absorption in the first week; then there was a gradual decrease in the water absorption, from the second to the sixth week. Synergy showed the maximum amount of water absorption in the first week, as compared to FILTEK Z 350 and Ceram X Duo. However, FILTEK Z 350 showed the maximum amount of water absorption from the second week to the sixth week, as compared to Ceram X Duo and Synergy. Conclusion: All composite restorative materials absorb some amount of water. The water absorption of the composite may decrease the physical and mechanical properties of the composites; hence, it is necessary to consider the type of the material before starting treatment.
  - 1,791 259
The influence of different composite placement techniques on microleakage in preparations with high C- factor: An in vitro study
Lekha Santhosh, Kusum Bashetty, Gururaj Nadig
July-September 2008, 11(3):112-116
DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.45249  PMID:20142897
Objective: This study evaluated the marginal leakage around class-I cavity preparations restored with Nanofilled composite (Filtek Z-350 A2 shade, 3M ESPE, USA) and a self-etch adhesive (Xeno III, DENTSPLY/Caulk) using different composite placement techniques. Materials and Methods: Standardized class-I cavities were prepared on 36 caries-free, extracted human premolars and were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) Horizontal incremental curing was done; each increment of thickness 1.5 mm was cured one after the other using curing unit (T-LED, Elca Technology, Italy). (2) Concave surface was obtained with a ball burnisher on the first increment and cured for 20 seconds; subsequently, the next increment was placed and similarly cured. (3) Cavities were filled with resin, short of the occlusal surface; two cuts (mesiodistal and buccolingual) were made through the condensed resin and cured for 20 seconds, followed by addition of resin in the gaps created by the cuts and additional curing for 20 seconds. The specimens were stored in distilled water for three months and then subjected to thermocycling, followed by immersion in 0.5% methylene blue dye for 24 hours. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally and evaluated for microleakage under stereomicroscope, and the scores obtained were analysed with Fisher Exact test and Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test. Results: There was no statistically significant difference among three groups. Conclusion: None of the techniques was capable of eliminating the microleakage in preparations with a high C-factor.
  - 2,608 478
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