Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 237--241

A comparative evaluation of the effect of various additives on selected physical properties of white mineral trioxide aggregate


Anushree Prasad1, Shankarappa Pushpa1, Doraiswamy Arunagiri1, Asheesh Sawhny1, Abhinav Misra1, Ramamurthy Sujatha2 
1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Rama Medical College-Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shankarappa Pushpa
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Centre, A-1/8, Lakhanpur, Kanpur - 208 024, Uttar Pradesh
India

Aims: This study examined the setting time, compressive strength, and pH of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed with various additives: Calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ), calcium formate (CaF), disodium hydrogen orthophosphate (Na 2 HPO 4 ). Materials and Methods: Group 1 (Control) was obtained by mixing MTA with distilled water. In Groups 2 and 3, MTA containing 10% CaCl 2 and 20% CaF, respectively, was mixed with distilled water. In Group 4, MTA was mixed with 15% Na 2 HPO 4 . Setting time, compressive strength, and pH of each group were examined. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14. A P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Comparison of mean values was done using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post-hoc Games-Howell test. Results: The setting time of test groups were significantly shorter than that of control group (P < 0.001). The compressive strengths of test groups were lower than that of control group (P < 0.001). The pH value obtained for Groups 3 and 4 were higher than that of the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Study result showed that additives significantly reduced the setting time of MTA and also maintained the pH at a high value. However, there was not much improvement in the compressive strength of the material.


How to cite this article:
Prasad A, Pushpa S, Arunagiri D, Sawhny A, Misra A, Sujatha R. A comparative evaluation of the effect of various additives on selected physical properties of white mineral trioxide aggregate.J Conserv Dent 2015;18:237-241


How to cite this URL:
Prasad A, Pushpa S, Arunagiri D, Sawhny A, Misra A, Sujatha R. A comparative evaluation of the effect of various additives on selected physical properties of white mineral trioxide aggregate. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Oct 24 ];18:237-241
Available from: https://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2015;volume=18;issue=3;spage=237;epage=241;aulast=Prasad;type=0