Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 232--236

Root and canal morphology of maxillary first premolar teeth in north Indian population using clearing technique: An in vitro study


Shraddha Gupta1, Dakshita Joy Sinha1, Owais Gowhar2, Shashi Prabha Tyagi1, Narendra Nath Singh2, Subhash Gupta1 
1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shraddha Gupta
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad - 244 001, Uttar Pradesh
India

Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the root form and canal configuration in maxillary first premolars. Materials and Methods: A total of 250 extracted human adult maxillary first premolar teeth from North Indian population were collected. Access cavities were prepared and the coronal pulp tissue was extirpated. The samples were stored in 5% nitric acid solution for 5 days. They were then rinsed, dried, and dehydrated using increasing concentrations of ethanol (70, 80, and 95%) successively for 1 day. Teeth were rendered transparent by immersing in methyl salicylate. India ink was then injected. The root canal morphology was examined under stereomicroscope. Result: 53.6% were single rooted followed by fused root form followed by two root form. 0.4% had three rooted maxillary first premolar. Variable root canal configurations were also found. Type IV configuration was most prevalent (33.2%). Two teeth showed an additional configuration. Lateral canals were present in 34.8% of the samples and intercanal communications in 16%. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was concluded that in North Indian population, there was an increased propensity for types IV, I, II, and III canal morphologies in maxillary first premolars. Single root form was most common.


How to cite this article:
Gupta S, Sinha DJ, Gowhar O, Tyagi SP, Singh NN, Gupta S. Root and canal morphology of maxillary first premolar teeth in north Indian population using clearing technique: An in vitro study.J Conserv Dent 2015;18:232-236


How to cite this URL:
Gupta S, Sinha DJ, Gowhar O, Tyagi SP, Singh NN, Gupta S. Root and canal morphology of maxillary first premolar teeth in north Indian population using clearing technique: An in vitro study. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Oct 29 ];18:232-236
Available from: https://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2015;volume=18;issue=3;spage=232;epage=236;aulast=Gupta;type=0