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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 497-504

Effect of layer thickness on the elution of monomers from two high viscosity bulk-fill composites: A high-performance liquid chromatography analysis


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Annoor Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anciya Mohamed Nazar
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Annoor Dental College, Perumattom, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam - 686 673, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_535_20

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Aim: The aim is to evaluate the effect of different layer thickness on the amount of elution of monomers from two high viscosity bulk-fill composites after 24 h and 1 month storage in ethanol using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight samples prepared from two high viscosity bulk-fill composite resins; Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill and x-tra fil were divided into three groups (n = 8) based on their layer thickness, i.e., Group 1 (2 mm), Group 2 (4 mm), and Group 3 (6 mm) and were then subdivided based on their storage period. The analysis of the eluates was performed using HPLC unit. Statistical analysis was performed using One-way ANOVA, independent sample t-test, and paired “t” test at a significance level of 0.05 (P < 0.05). Results: Increase in layer thickness resulted in increased amount of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (Bis-GMA) and urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) elution for both composites, i.e., Group 3 > Group 2 > Group 1 and there was statistically significant difference among all the groups. Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill showed a statistically significant increase in amount of Bis-GMA and UDMA elution for all groups compared to x-tra fil. Furthermore, increase in storage period resulted in statistically significant increase in amount of Bis-GMA and UDMA elution for both composites, i.e., Group 1B > Group 1A, Group 2B > Group 2A, and Group 3B > Group 3A. The mean value of UDMA elution was higher when compared to that of Bis-GMA elution for both composites and there was statistically significant difference for all groups. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it was concluded that increase in layer thickness resulted in increased amount of Bis-GMA and UDMA elution for both Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill and x-tra fil.


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