Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 285-289

A comparison of dentin bond strength and degree of polymerization of bulk-fill and methacrylate-based flowable composites

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ozcan Karatas
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_160_17

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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the dentin bond strength and degree of polymerization of bulk-fill and methacrylate-based flowable composites. Materials and Methods: Dentin bond strength of composites was evaluated using the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) test. Five different composites were applied on flat dentin surfaces with self-etch and etch-and-rinse adhesives. Twenty microspecimens with a 1 mm2 cross-sectional area were prepared for each group (n = 20). The μTBS test was then applied. To measure the degree of polymerization of composites, eight cylindrical blocks were prepared (n = 8) from each composite. The surface microhardness of each composite was measured on the bottom and top surfaces, and a hardness ratio (HR) was calculated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and the Tukey's honestly significant difference test (α = 0.05). Results: According to the μTBS test results, the SDR Etch-and-Rinse group exhibited the highest dentin bonding strength and the Aelita self-etch group exhibited the lowest (P < 0.05). HR measurement showed that all composite groups had a sufficient degree of polymerization at a 2-mm thickness, while only the SDR and Xtra-Base groups had sufficient polymerization at a 4-mm thickness. Conclusions: Bulk-fill composite demonstrates an even higher degree of polymerization of methacrylate-based flowable composite when applied in a 4-mm thickness.

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