Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-20

Effect of surface protection on the permeability of eroded dentin

1 School of Medicine and Public Health of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil
2 Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil
3 School of Medicine and Public Health of Bahia (BAHIANA) and School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia (FOUFBA), Salvador, BA, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Andrea Nóbrega Cavalcanti
School of Medicine and Public Health of Bahia (BAHIANA), Av. Silveira Martins, no 3386, Cabula 41150-100, Salvador, BA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_281_16

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Context: Eroded dentin might present the opening of dentinal tubules, increasing permeability, and consequently dentinal hypersensitivity. Aims: This study evaluated the permeability of dentin surfaces exposed to different levels of erosion and methods of surface protection. Materials and Methods: Dentine samples (3 mm × 3 mm × 1 mm) were prepared from bovine incisors (n = 90) and divided into three groups according to the method of controlling erosive challenge: Negative control, topical fluoride application, and glass ionomer sealant. Subsequently, they were randomly divided into three subgroups according to the exposure of simulated gastric acid solution (Demineralization – DES) (5% HCl, pH = 2.2), and remineralization (RE); negative control, 9 and 18 cycles DES-RE. The dentin permeability was measured by assessing the hydraulic conductance (μl/min.cmH2O.cm2). Statistical analysis was performed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results and Conclusions: Greater permeability was observed after 18 erosive cycles, followed by exposure to 9 cycles and negative control (P < 0.0001). The application of glass ionomer sealant resulted in a major reduction of the hydraulic conductivity, regardless of the erosive challenge. Control groups and topical fluoride application showed similar results. In conclusion, the severity of erosive challenge contributed to the increase of dentin permeability. Besides, the glass ionomer sealant was the only protection agent that promoted significant effects in dentin permeability.

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