Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 129-133

A comparison of human dental pulp response to calcium hydroxide and Biodentine as direct pulp-capping agents

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Anushka Lalit Jalan
403, Mayfair Gardens, Azad Lane, Off S.V. Road, Andheri West, Mumbai - 400 058, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.212247

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Context: Direct pulp capping involves the placement of a biocompatible agent on pulp tissue that has been inadvertently exposed from traumatic injury or by iatrogenic means. Aim: To compare the human pulp response to calcium hydroxide and Biodentine as direct pulp-capping agents. Materials and Methods: Pulp exposures were performed on the pulpal floor of forty human permanent premolars. The exposure sites were dressed with either Dycal or Biodentine as pulp-capping materials. After 45 days, teeth were extracted and processed for histological examination. Statistical Analysis: The histological data were subjected to Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results: The dentinal bridges in teeth that were capped with Biodentine were significantly thicker (P < 0.0001) and more continuous (P = 0.0001) with less pulpal inflammation (P = 0.0044) in comparison to Dycal. Conclusion: Based on the result of this study, Biodentine can be suggested as the material of choice for direct pulp capping procedure instead of Dycal. However, further long-term follow-up in vivo human studies using Biodentine on cariously exposed pulpal teeth are warranted to derive a definite conclusion.

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