Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 247-251

A comparative evaluation of smear layer removal by using edta, etidronic acid, and maleic acid as root canal irrigants: An in vitro scanning electron microscopic study

1 Department of Endodontics, Hassanaba Dental College, Vidhya Nagar, Hassan, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Endodontics, Kunhitharuvai Memorial Charitable Trust (KMCT) Dental College, Calicut, India
3 Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dexton Antony Johns
KMCT Dental College, Manaserry Po Mukkam. Calicut- 673 602, Thazhecode, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.157266

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Aim: The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the efficacy of 17% EDTA, 18% etidronic acid, and 7% maleic acid in smear layer removal using scanning electron microscopic image analysis. Materials and Methods: Thirty, freshly extracted mandibular premolars were used. The teeth were decoronated to obtain working length of 17mm and instrumentation up to 40 size (K file) with 2.5% NaOCl irrigation between each file. The samples were divided into Groups I (17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)), II (18% etidronic acid), and III (7% maleic acid) containing 10 samples each. Longitudinal sectioning of the samples was done. Then the samples were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM) at apical, middle, and coronal levels. The images were scored according to the criteria: 1. No smear layer, 2. moderate smear layer, and 3 heavy smear layer. Statistical Analysis: Data was analyzed statistically using Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Mann-Whitney U test for individual comparisons. The level for significance was set at 0.05. Results: The present study showed that all the three experimental irrigants removed the smear layer from different tooth levels (coronal, middle, and apical). Final irrigation with 7% maleic acid is more efficient than 17% EDTA and 18% etidronic acid in the removal of smear layer from the apical third of root canal.

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