Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 152-156

Protective potential of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate containing paste on enamel surfaces

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Padmashree Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Padmini Somasundaram
A-806, Fountain Heights, Lokhandwala Township, Akurli Road, Kandivali (East), Mumbai - 400 101
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.108199

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Background: Dental caries remains the most common dental disease facing mankind. Prevention of initiation and interruption in progression of early lesions are the desirable modes of caries management. There is a scope for agents, which may be used to enhance anti - caries activity. This need has redirected research to develop novel preventive agents that can act as an adjunct to fluoride or independent of it. Casein Phosphopeptide - Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) is one such agent that has been proposed to have anti cariogenic properties. Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of paste containing CPP-ACP, MI Paste, on enamel remineralization. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of 30 samples embedded in orthodontic resin with either the buccal or lingual surface exposed. The samples were assigned to either a CPP-ACP containing paste; Fluoridated toothpaste; or a control group. The groups were then subjected to cycling in a demineralizing solution and a remineralizing solution. Groups II and III received prior application of MI paste and Fluoridated toothpaste respectively followed by cycling in a demineralizing solution and a remineralizing solution. Following 14 days of cycling, the samples were sectioned and examined using confocal microscopy. The lesion depth, were evaluated. Statistical Analysis: Image Proplus software was used to analyze the images. The values were statistically evaluated using one - way ANOVA and Scheffe's Test. Results and Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study it was concluded that enamel surfaces treated with the CPP-ACP paste exhibited the least lesion depths followed by the enamel surfaces treated with the fluoridated tooth paste and control group respectively.

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