Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 273-276

Three-dimensional helical computed tomographic evaluation of three obturation techniques: In vitro study

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, VMS Dental College, Salem, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, TN Government Dental College, Porur, Chennai, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sri Ramachandra Dental College, Porur, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
M Chokkalingam
3B-1, Angammal Colony, Salem-636009, Tamilnadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.85815

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Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of three obturation techniques namely lateral condensation, EQ Fil (backfill obturation) and thermafil (core carrier obturation) techniques using three-dimensional (3D) helical computed tomography (CT) by volume rendering method. Materials and Methods: Thirty freshly extracted teeth were randomly divided into three groups of 10 teeth each. Biomechanical preparation was done in all the teeth using rotary instruments. All three sets of teeth were placed in helical CT slice scanner and were imaged before obturation. The three sets were then obturated by following methods: Group I: lateral condensation, Group II: EQ Fil (backfill) and Group III: thermafil (core carrier obturation).Volume of the pulp chamber and gutta-percha after obturation were calculated using volume rendering technique and adequacy of the obturation techniques were calculated. Statistical Analysis Used: One-way ANOVA and Multiple-Range Tukey Test by Tukey-HSD procedure Results: Mean change in lateral condensation (0.005±0.002) was significantly higher than that of thermafil obturation (0.002±0.001) [P<0.05]. Conclusions: Conventional lateral condensation technique showed maximal inadequacy of obturation and thermafil obturation technique showed the least inadequacy of obturation when the volume of the specimens were calculated and reconstructed

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