Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 149-155

Giomer – A New Hybrid aesthetic Restorative Material

Correspondence Address:
Vipin Arora

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Giomers are newly introduced hybrid aesthetic restorative materials for dental restorative therapy. They are based on pre-reached glass-ionomer (PRG) technology. Chemically, they consist of fluoroalumino silicate glass reacted with polyalkenoic acid in water prior to inclusion into the silica-filled urethane resin. Giomers contain both of the essential components of glass-ionomer cements and resins but they cannot be classified as compomers, in which a variable amount of dehydrated polyalkeonic acid is incorporated in the resin matrix and the acid does not react with the glass until water uptake occurs. Giomers are placed in a separate category of composites known as PRG composites. These materials have significant fluoride release, fluoride recharge biocompatibility, smooth surface finish, excellent aesthetics and clinical stability which has made them popular for restoration of root caries, non-carious cervical lesions, class V cavities, and deciduous tooth caries. As per today’s knowledge, giomers are promising restorative materials and are considered to be most interesting development of near future.

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