Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133--138

Racial predilection of C-shaped canal configuration in the mandibular second molar


Aishwarya Roy1, Madhusudan Astekar2, Rashmi Bansal1, Anuraag Gurtu1, Mrityunjay Kumar3, Lalit Kumar Agarwal1 
1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rashmi Bansal
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly - 243 001, Uttar Pradesh
India

Aim: The purpose of this article is to determine the racial predilection of C-shaped canal configuration in a mandibular second molar. Background: Unusual root canal anatomy always poses a diagnostic and treatment challenge. Identification of such variation is important for the success of root canal treatment outcome. C-shaped canal configuration is such an aberrant morphology of molar teeth that vary in different population and is commonly seen in a mandibular second molar. Thus, knowledge of racial predilection of C-shaped canal configuration in different population for early diagnosis is obligatory. Materials and Methods: An exhaustive search was undertaken to identify published research articles related to C-shaped canal configuration in mandibular second molars. Forty-three research articles were analyzed which included 12,481 mandibular second molars. Chi-square test using value of P < 0.05 was performed to assess the statistical significance of this anomalous anatomic variation among the different population. Results: Statistical test revealed a significant variation between the Asian and nonAsian population. The highest incidence of racial predilection was observed in China (Asia) with 93.1%, and the minimum was observed in America with 2.7%. Conclusion: This research reported that racial predilection of C-shaped canal configuration in mandibular second molar varies significantly.


How to cite this article:
Roy A, Astekar M, Bansal R, Gurtu A, Kumar M, Agarwal LK. Racial predilection of C-shaped canal configuration in the mandibular second molar.J Conserv Dent 2019;22:133-138


How to cite this URL:
Roy A, Astekar M, Bansal R, Gurtu A, Kumar M, Agarwal LK. Racial predilection of C-shaped canal configuration in the mandibular second molar. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 12 ];22:133-138
Available from: http://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2019;volume=22;issue=2;spage=133;epage=138;aulast=Roy;type=0