Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 184--188

Cleaning efficacy of reciprocal and rotary systems in the removal of root canal filling material


Mustafa Murat Kocak, Sibel Kocak, Sevinc Aktemur Turker, Baran Can Saglam 
 Department of Endodontics, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Baran Can Saglam
Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bülent Ecevit University, Kozlu, Zonguldak
Turkey

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of hand file, nickel titanium rotary instrument, and two reciprocating instruments for removing gutta-percha and sealer from the root canals. Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight mandibular premolar teeth were used. The root canals were shaped and filled with gutta-percha and a resin-based sealer. The specimens were divided into four groups according to the technique by which the root filling material was removed: Group 1 - Wave One; Group 2 - Reciproc; Group 3 - ProTaper; and Group 4 - Gates-Glidden burs and stainless steel hand file. Then teeth were split longitudinally and photographed. The images were transferred to a computer. The ratio of remaining filling material to the root canal periphery was calculated with the aid of ImageJ software. Statistical analysis was performed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: A significant difference was found among all groups (P < 0.001). The WaveOne group demonstrated significantly less remaining filling material. The greatest amount of filling material was found in specimens where gutta-percha was removed with Gates-Glidden burs and stainless steel hand file. Conclusion: The reciprocating files were found to be significantly more effective in removing the filling material from the canal walls compared to the rotational file and hand file.


How to cite this article:
Kocak MM, Kocak S, Turker SA, Saglam BC. Cleaning efficacy of reciprocal and rotary systems in the removal of root canal filling material.J Conserv Dent 2016;19:184-188


How to cite this URL:
Kocak MM, Kocak S, Turker SA, Saglam BC. Cleaning efficacy of reciprocal and rotary systems in the removal of root canal filling material. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Sep 24 ];19:184-188
Available from: http://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2016;volume=19;issue=2;spage=184;epage=188;aulast=Kocak;type=0