Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 192--195

The effect of two types chewing gum containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and xylitol on salivary Streptococcus mutans


Shila Emamieh1, Yosra Khaterizadeh1, Hossein Goudarzi2, Amir Ghasemi3, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban4, Hasan Torabzadeh3 
1 Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Clinical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Iranian Center for Endodontic Research, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Basic Sciences, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shila Emamieh
Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran

Aim: The aim was to evaluate the effect of sugar-free chewing gum containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and xylitol on salivary Streptococcus mutans. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 dental students of 20-25 years old, who volunteered after checking their health condition and signing an informed consent, were randomly allocated to receive one of the following interventions: (A) Chewing gum containing CPP-ACP; (B) containing xylitol. Subjects within the experimental groups were taken the gums 3 times daily, after each meal for a period of 3 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention unstimulated saliva samples were quantified for S. mutans counts. Results: A statistically significant reduction of salivary S. mutans was displayed in both groups A and B after the intervention when compared with baseline (P < 0.001), and group A shows more statistically significant reduction of salivary S. mutans than group B (P = 0.011). Conclusion: Daily consumption of chewing gum containing CPP-ACP and xylitol significantly reduces the level of salivary S. mutans, but chewing gum containing CPP-ACP can reduce the level of salivary S. mutans in more than xylitol chewing gum.


How to cite this article:
Emamieh S, Khaterizadeh Y, Goudarzi H, Ghasemi A, Baghban AA, Torabzadeh H. The effect of two types chewing gum containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and xylitol on salivary Streptococcus mutans.J Conserv Dent 2015;18:192-195


How to cite this URL:
Emamieh S, Khaterizadeh Y, Goudarzi H, Ghasemi A, Baghban AA, Torabzadeh H. The effect of two types chewing gum containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and xylitol on salivary Streptococcus mutans. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Feb 21 ];18:192-195
Available from: http://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2015;volume=18;issue=3;spage=192;epage=195;aulast=Emamieh;type=0