Journal of Conservative Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 65--70

Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of calcium hydroxide paste, chlorhexidine gel, and a combination of both as intracanal medicament: An in vivo comparative study


Nidhi Sinha1, Santosh Patil2, Preeti Kore Dodwad3, Anand C Patil3, Bijay Singh4 
1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Jodhpur Dental College, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jodhpur Dental College, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, KLES VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Jodhpur Dental College, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, India

Correspondence Address:
Nidhi Sinha
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Jodhpur Dental College, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur
India

Aim: To compare the antimicrobial efficacy of calcium hydroxide (CH), 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) and a combination of both, on obligate anaerobes, facultative anaerobes and Candida spp . Materials and Methods: 90 single rooted permanent teeth were included in the study. After complete disinfection and access opening, the first microbiological pre-treatment sample (S1) was collected. After completion of instrumentation, a post-instumentation sample (S2) was taken and the teeth were divided into three groups: Group I: CH, Group II: 2% CHX, Group III: 2% CHX with CH. After 1 week, a post-medication sample (S3) was collected. Results: All three medicaments were effective in the elimination of obligate anaerobes. CHX and combination showed higher antimicrobial effect against facultative anaerobes and Candida spp . in comparison with CH. But there was no statistical significant difference between Group II and Group III. Conclusion: CHX with or without CH was more effective than CH alone against all the tested micro-organisms.


How to cite this article:
Sinha N, Patil S, Dodwad PK, Patil AC, Singh B. Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of calcium hydroxide paste, chlorhexidine gel, and a combination of both as intracanal medicament: An in vivo comparative study.J Conserv Dent 2013;16:65-70


How to cite this URL:
Sinha N, Patil S, Dodwad PK, Patil AC, Singh B. Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of calcium hydroxide paste, chlorhexidine gel, and a combination of both as intracanal medicament: An in vivo comparative study. J Conserv Dent [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Jul 22 ];16:65-70
Available from: http://www.jcd.org.in/article.asp?issn=0972-0707;year=2013;volume=16;issue=1;spage=65;epage=70;aulast=Sinha;type=0