Scope of the journal:
The Journal of Conservative Dentistry (ISSN - 0972-0707) is the official journal of the Indian Association of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics. It publishes scientific articles, case reports, short communications, invited reviews and comparative studies evaluating materials and methods in the fields of Conservative Dentistry, Dental Materials and Endodontics. The JCD has a diverse readership that includes full-time clinicians, full-time academicians, residents, students and scientists. Effective communication with this diverse readership requires careful attention to writing style.
Authors are requested to read the author instructions thoroughly prior to preparation of the manuscript. The journal will follow to a great extent the "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal" developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (April 2010). Both, the uniform requirements and the requirements of Journal of Conservative Dentistry have been briefed below.
The Editorial Process
All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged. All the submitted manuscripts will be reviewed by the Editors initially. Those manuscripts that are not prepared based on the author guidelines will be resent for technical modification prior to review process. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific flaws, or absence of importance of message will be rejected. Other manuscripts will be sent to two or more expert reviewers without revealing the identity of the authors to the reviewers. Within a period of eight to ten weeks, the corresponding author will be informed about the reviewers' comments and acceptance / rejection of manuscript. Articles accepted would be copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author, which has to be returned within five days. Correction received after that period may not be included.
Types of Manuscripts and word limits
Original research articles, Case reports
Randomised controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic test, outcome studies, case-control series, surveys with high response rate, in vitro studies and new / interesting / very rare cases can be reported. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. The word limit would be up to 2000 words excluding references and abstract. The maximum number of references allowed for a case report is 15 and 25 for other original research articles.
The word limit for short communication will be up to 750 words excluding references and abstract and up to 5 references with one composite image will be allowed.
Invited Review articles
Systematic critical assessments of literature and data sources can be presented. The word limit can be up to 3500 words excluding references and abstract.
All persons designated as authors should be listed and qualify for authorship. An author must take responsibility for at least one component of the work, should be able to identify who is responsible for each other component, and should ideally be confident in their co-authors’ ability and integrity
The ICJME has recommended the following criteria for authorship;
1. Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
3. Final approval of the version to be published.
Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.
The order of authorship on the byline should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Authors should be prepared to explain the order in which authors are listed. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the authors.
The group should jointly make decisions about contributors/authors before submitting the manuscript for
publication. The corresponding author/guarantor should be prepared to explain the presence and order of these individuals. It is not the role of editors to make authorship/ contributorship decisions or to arbitrate conflicts related to authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support.
The maximum number of authors who can be included for an invivo study carried out in a single institute is eight. The maximum number of authors who can be included for an invitro study carried out in a single institute is six. The maximum number of authors who can be included for a case-report is four. For short communication, the number of authors should not be more than three. A justification should be included, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.
Sending the Manuscript to the Journal
Articles should be submitted online from http://www.journalonweb.com/jcd. New authors will have to register as author, which is a simple two step procedure.
1. First Page File: Prepare the title page, covering letter, acknowledgement, etc., using a word processor program. All information which can reveal the authors identity should be here.
2. Article file: The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file. Information such as acknowledgement, authors names in page headers, college name, in this file should be avoided. Images should not be included in the mail text file. If the file size is large, graphs can be submitted as images separately without incorporating them in the article file to reduce the size of the file.
3.Images: include only essential figures. Only two images are allowed. More than two images can be submitted as composite image containing several panels of figures. For example, most photo-, radio- or micrographs take up one column-width,s or about 185 mm wide X 185 mm tall. If instead, a two columns-width figure (i.e., about 175 mm wide X 125 mm high when published in the JCD),can be constructed, the authors would be able to place about 12 panels of photomicrographs (or radiographs, etc.) as an array of four columns across and three rows down (with each panel about 40 X 40 mm). This will require some editing on the authors part given the small size of each panel, and will only be able to illustrate the most important feature of each photomicrograph. Each panel must be clearly identified with a letter (e.g., “A”, “B”, etc.), in order for the reader to understand each individual panel. JPEG is the most suitable format. The images should be sent at 300 dpi, size. Wherever necessary, convert the image at greyscale (e.g. x-rays, graphs)
4. Legends: Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.
Preparation of the Manuscript
Readymade templates for writing original research articles, case reports, and review articles are provided. These can be utilised for writing the articles as per the instructions. The templates can be downloaded from the link provided.
The text of observational and experimental articles should be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Figures, Figure legends, and Acknowledgment. The authors should avoid providing subheadings in these sections.
The manuscripts should be typed in A4 size (212 × 297 mm) paper, with margins of 25 mm (1 inch) from all the four sides. Use 1.5 spacing throughout. The language should be British English.
The title page should carry
1. Type of manuscript
2. The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;
3. Running title or short title not more than 50 characters;
4. Name of the authors (the way it should appear in the journal), with his or her highest academic degree(s) and institutional affiliation;
5. The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed;
6. The name, address, phone numbers, facsimile numbers, and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;
7. The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references and abstract).
8. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these; and
9. If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organisation, place, and exact date on which it was read.
The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (of no more than 150 words for case reports, brief reports and 250 words for original articles). The abstract should be structured and state the Context (Background), Aims, Methods and Material, Statistical analysis used, Results and Conclusions. Below the abstract, provide 3 to 10 key words in alphabetical order.
State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation.
Describe the selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the age, sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail. Give references to established methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
Reports of randomised clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomisation, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT statement (Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman DG: The CONSORT Statement: Revised Recommendations for Improving the Quality of Reports of Parallel-Group Randomized Trials. Ann Intern Med. 2001;134:657-662, also available at http://www.consort-statement.org/).
Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesising data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.
When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html). Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution's or a national research council's guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. It is mandatory to mention the University/ Institutional ethical clearance registration number in the methodology section.
When possible, findings should be quantified and presented with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Loss of observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial) should be reported. A general description of statistical analysis has to be mentioned in the methods section. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyse them. Mention the software (version) used for analysis. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as 'random' (which implies a randomising device), 'normal', 'significant', 'correlations', and 'sample'. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Use upper italics (P < 0.05).
Present the results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Repetition of the data in the tables or illustrations in the text should be avoided; emphasise or summarise only important observations.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies.
Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such.
As an appendix to the text, one or more statements should specify
1. Contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair;
2. Acknowledgments of technical help; and
3. Acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support. This should be the added to the title page.
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references numerals in superscript. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by particular table or figure. Do not give reference number after a subheading. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. If the number of authors is more than six, list the first six then followed by et al.
Kulkarni SB, Chitre RG, Satoskar RS. Serum proteins in tuberculosis. J Postgrad Med 1960; 6:113-120.
Volume with supplement
Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102 Suppl 1:275
Issue with supplement
Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women's psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996; 23(1, Suppl 2):89-97.
Books and Other Monographs
Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996..
Chapter in a book
Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Raven Press; 1995. pp 465-478.
Download a PowerPoint presentation on common reference styles and using the reference checking facility on the manuscript submission site.
Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.
• Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.
• Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
• Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table.
• Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote.
• For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ¦, *,*, ††, ‡‡
•the authors should not submit figures of samples, commonly used testing machines, materials (like bonding agents, composites). Only two images to be submitted. More than two images, figures should be converted into composite image in JPEG format.
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
• Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue
• Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves.
• When graphs, scatter-grams or histograms are submitted the numerical data on which they are based should also be supplied.
• The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted areas.
• If photographs of people are used, the subjects must not be identifiable
• If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material.
• The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.
Good quality images should be submitted
• Each image should be less than 100 kb in size. Size of the image can be reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images. JPEG is most suitable.
Do not send hard copies to the journal office. If required, the author will be asked for high resolution images.
Legends for Illustrations
• Type out legends (maximum 40 words, excluding the credit line) for illustrations using double spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding in composite images name them as Ia, Ib, Ic etc., When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend.
Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy.
Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc..
The whole of the literary matter is the copyright of the Editorial Board. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work (either in pre-print or post-print format) publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the right to make small numbers non-commercial use. The copyright form duly signed by all the authors should be uploaded to the website (do not send to the journal office) immediately after submitting the manuscript
Manuscript Title _____________________________________
Manuscript Number _____________________________
I / We certify that I/we have participated sufficiently in the intellectual content, conception and design of this work or the analysis and interpretation of the writing of the manuscript, to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have my/our name listed as a contributor. I/we believe the manuscript with substantially similar content under my/our authorship has not been published or is not being considered for publication elsewhere. I/we certify that all the data collected during the study is presented in this manuscript and no data from the study has been or will be published by the editors, I/we will provide the data/information or will cooperate fully in obtaining and providing the data/information on which the manuscript is based, their assignees. Financial interests, direct or indirect, that exist or may be perceived to exist for individual contributors in connection with the content of cover letter. Sources of outside support of the project are named in the cover letter.
I/We hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the Indian event that such work is published by the Journal of Conservative Dentistry. The Journal of Conservative Dentistry shall own the work, including permission to republish the article in whole or in part, with or without fee; 3) the right to produce preprints or reprints and translate into languages distribution; and 4) the right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other mechanical or electronic format.
We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes as per the request of the journal, do the rest of the correspondence on guarantor for the manuscript on our behalf.
All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript, but who are not authors, are named in the Acknowledgment permission to be named. If I/we do not include an Acknowledgment that means I/we have not received substantial contributions from non-authors and Name Signature Date signed
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(up to three authors for short communication)
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(up to four authors for case report/review)
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(up to six authors for original studies from single centre)
(to be tick marked, as applicable and one copy attached with the manuscript)
Manuscript Title ______________________________________________
• Signed by all contributors
• Source of funding mentioned
• Conflicts of interest disclosed
• Middle name initials provided
• Author for correspondence, with e-mail address provided
• Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions
• Identity not revealed in paper except title page (e.g. name of the institute in material and methods, citing previous study as 'our study', names photographs, etc.)
Presentation and format
• Double spacing
• Margins 2.5 cm from all four sides
• Title page contains all the desired information (vide supra)
• Running title provided (not more than 50 characters)
• Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript
• Abstract provided (not more than 150 words for case reports and 250 words for original articles)
• Structured abstract provided for an original article
• Key words provided (three or more)
• Key messages provided
• Introduction of
• Headings in title case (not ALL CAPITALS)
• References cited in superscript in the text without brackets
• References according to the journal's instructions, punctuation marks checked
Language and grammar
• Uniformly British English
• Abbreviations spelt out in full for the first time
• Numerals from 1 to 10 spelt out
• Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelt out
Tables and Figures
• No repetition of data in tables and graphs and in text
• Actual numbers from which graphs drawn, providedsa
• Figures (Maximum of 2) necessary and of good quality (colour)
• Table and figure numbers in Arabic letters (not Roman)
• Labels pasted on back of the photographs (no names written)
• Figure legends provided (not more than 40 words)
• Patients' privacy maintained (if not permission taken)
• Credit note for borrowed figures/tables provided
Disclaimer: “The statements, opinions and advertisements in the Journal of Conservative Dentistry are solely those of the individual authors, contributors, editors or advertisers, as indicated. Those statements, opinions and advertisements do not effect any endorsement by the Indian Association of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics or its agents, authors, contributors, editors or advertisers, or the publisher. Unless otherwise specified, the FODI and the publisher disclaim any and all responsibility or liability for such material.”