Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 445-449

Vitality of Enterococcus faecalis inside dentinal tubules after five root canal disinfection methods

Department of Endodontics, M.A. Rangoonwala Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Niranjan Ashok Vatkar
Shram Safalya, Sector 24, Plot 71, Pradhikaran, Nigdi, Pune - 411 044, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.190019

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Aim: To compare the vitality of Enterococcus faecalis within dentinal tubules after subjected to five root canal disinfection methods. Materials and Methods: Dentin blocks (n = 60) were colonized with E. faecalis. After 4 weeks of incubation, the dentin blocks were divided into one control and five test groups (n = 10 each). The root canals of test groups were subjected to one of the disinfection methods, namely, normal saline (NS), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd: YAG) laser, and diode laser. The effect of disinfection methods was assessed by LIVE/DEAD BacLight stain under the confocal laser scanning microscopy to determine the “zone of dead bacteria” (ZDB). Mean values were calculated for ZDB and the difference between groups was established. Results: Penetration of E. faecalis was seen to a depth of >1000 μm. Viable bacteria were detected with NS irrigation. NaOCl and CHX showed partial ZDB. When the root canals were disinfected with Nd: YAG and diode lasers, no viable bacteria were found. Conclusion: E. faecalis has the ability to colonize inside dentinal tubules to a depth of >1000 μm. In contrast to conventional irrigants, both Nd: YAG and diode lasers were effective in eliminating the vitality of E. faecalis. NS, NaOCl, and CHX showed viable bacteria remaining in dentinal tubules.

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