Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 237-241

A comparative evaluation of the effect of various additives on selected physical properties of white mineral trioxide aggregate


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Rama Medical College-Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shankarappa Pushpa
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Centre, A-1/8, Lakhanpur, Kanpur - 208 024, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.157263

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Aims: This study examined the setting time, compressive strength, and pH of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed with various additives: Calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ), calcium formate (CaF), disodium hydrogen orthophosphate (Na 2 HPO 4 ). Materials and Methods: Group 1 (Control) was obtained by mixing MTA with distilled water. In Groups 2 and 3, MTA containing 10% CaCl 2 and 20% CaF, respectively, was mixed with distilled water. In Group 4, MTA was mixed with 15% Na 2 HPO 4 . Setting time, compressive strength, and pH of each group were examined. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14. A P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Comparison of mean values was done using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post-hoc Games-Howell test. Results: The setting time of test groups were significantly shorter than that of control group (P < 0.001). The compressive strengths of test groups were lower than that of control group (P < 0.001). The pH value obtained for Groups 3 and 4 were higher than that of the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Study result showed that additives significantly reduced the setting time of MTA and also maintained the pH at a high value. However, there was not much improvement in the compressive strength of the material.


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