Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 261-264

Combination of platelet rich fibrin, hydroxyapatite and PRF membrane in the management of large inflammatory periapical lesion

1 Department of Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India
3 Department of Periodontology, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dexton Antony Johns
Department of Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.111329

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Periapical inflammatory lesion is the local response of bone around the apex of tooth that develops after the necrosis of the pulp tissue or extensive periodontal disease. The final outcome of the nature of wound healing after endodontic surgery can be repair or regeneration depending on the nature of the wound; the availability of progenitor cells; signaling molecules; and micro-environmental cues such as adhesion molecules, extracellular matrix, and associated non-collagenous protein molecules. The purpose of this case report is to add knowledge to the existing literature about the combined use of graft material [platelet rich fibrin (PRF) and hydroxyapatite (HA)] and barrier membrane in the treatment of large periapical lesion. A periapical endodontic surgery was performed on a 45 year old male patient with a swelling in the upper front teeth region and a large bony defect radiologically. The surgical defect was filled with a combination of PRF and HA bone graft crystals. The defect was covered by PRF membrane and sutured. Clinical examination revealed uneventful wound healing. Radiologically the HA crystals have been completely replaced by new bone at the end of 2 years. On the basis of the results obtained in our case report, we hypothesize that the use of PRF in conjunction with HA crystals might have accelerated the resorption of the graft crystals and would have induced the rapid rate of bone formation.

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