Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 330-336

Optimizing tooth form with direct posterior composite restorations

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, AECS Maaruti Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Ramya Raghu
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bangalore Institute of Dental Sciences, Bangalore 29
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.87192

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Advances in material sciences and technology have provided today's clinicians the strategies to transform the mechanistic approach of operative dentistry into a biologic philosophy. In the last three decades, composite resins have gone from being just an esthetically pleasing way of restoring Class III and Class IV cavities to become the universal material for both anterior and posterior situations as they closely mimic the natural esthetics while restoring the form of the human dentition. In order to enhance their success, clinicians have to rethink their protocol instead of applying the same restorative concepts and principles practiced with metallic restorations. Paralleling the evolution of posterior composite resin materials, cavity designs, restorative techniques and armamentarium have also developed rapidly to successfully employ composite resins in Class II situations. Most of the earlier problems with posterior composites such as poor wear resistance, polymerization shrinkage, postoperative sensitivity, predictable bonding to dentin, etc., have been overcome to a major extent. However, the clinically relevant aspect of achieving tight contacts in Class II situations has challenged clinicians the most. This paper reviews the evolution of techniques and recent developments in achieving predictable contacts with posterior composites. A Medline search was performed for articles on ''direct posterior composite contacts.'' The keywords used were ''contacts and contours of posterior composites.'' The reference list of each article was manually checked for additional articles of relevance.

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