Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 169-172

An in vitro evaluation of the effect of deep dry cryotreatment on the cutting efficiency of three rotary nickel titanium instruments

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Pushpagiri Dental College, Thiruvalla, India
2 SRM Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Gingu Koshy George
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics,Pushpagiri Dental College,Thiruvalla, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.82627

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Context : Cryogenic methods have been used to increase the strength of metals. Aim : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of deep dry cryotherapy on the cyclic fatigue resistance of rotary nickel titanium instruments. Materials and Methods : Twenty K3, RaCe and Hero Shaper nickel titanium instruments, size 25, 0.06 taper, were taken for this study. Ten files were untreated (control group) and 10 files were deep dry cryogenically treated. Both the untreated and cryotreated files were subjected to cyclic fatigue evaluation. Cyclic fatigue was evaluated as the number of cycles it took for fracture of the instrument within a stainless steel shaping block of specific radius and angle of curvature. Statistical Analysis : Mean values were compared between different study groups by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with P < 0.05 considered as the level of significance. Results : The results showed a significant increase in the resistance to cyclic fatigue of deep dry cryotreated NiTi files over untreated files. Conclusions : It may thus be concluded that deep cryotherapy has improved the cyclic fatigue of NiTi rotary endodontic files.

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