Journal of Conservative Dentistry
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-81

Evaluation of depth of cure and knoop hardness in a dental composite, photo-activated using different methods


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mithra N Hegde
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangalore- 574 160, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.44055

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The study aimed at evaluating the depth of cure and knoop hardness of a microfine-hybrid composite resin that was photo-activated using different methods. A bipartite brass mold was filled with composite resin and photo-activation was performed using four methods: (1) Intermittent method using quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) light curing unit (LCU) (2) Continuous method (QTH) (3) Exponential method (QTH) (4) Continuous method using light-emitting diode (LED). Depth of cure was measured at the unexposed bottom surface of the specimen using microtester as a penetrometer. The surfaces exposed to light were subjected to knoop hardness testing, using a digital microhardness tester. Knoop hardness measurements were obtained at the top surface and at depths of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mm. The data was analyzed using anova and Tukey's test (5%). Results showed that the depth of cure was higher with the intermittent method (QTH), followed by the continuous method (QTH), the exponential method and the continuous method (LED). At the top surface and up to 1 mm, continuous method (LED) demonstrated the highest knoop hardness number (KHN). At 2 mm and up to 5 mm, intermittent method (QTH) presented the highest KHN and continuous method (LED) showed the lowest KHN. At all depths, continuous method (QTH) showed higher KHN, as compared to the exponential method (QTH), except at 2 mm where both showed no significant difference.


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